Information System (GIS)
Systems (GIS) technology is a computer-based data collection,
storage, and analysis tool in preparing, presenting, and
interpreting facts of the earth information into easily understood
maps. A GIS can perform complicated analytical functions and then
present the results visually as maps, tables or graphs.
The capabilities of
GIS are now used extensively in government, business and research
for a wide range of applications including wildlife habitat
modeling, recreation resource management, floodplain management and
flood control, wetlands restoration, aquifer and groundwater
management, forest management, coastal management, fisheries
management, natural hazard management, utility and infrastructure
planning, urban and town planning, environmental resource analysis,
real estate analysis, marketing and demographic analysis, habitat
studies, and archaeological analysis.